The full name of “INTERPOL” is the International Criminal Police Organization. It’s an inter-governmental organization. It has 195 member countries, and works together with police to make the world a safer place. Interpol was conceived during the first International Criminal Police Congress in 1914, which brought officials from 24 countries to discuss cooperation in law enforcement. It was founded in September 1923 as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC), adopting many of its current duties throughout the 1930s. The General Assembly brings all countries together once a year to take decisions.
In addition to its General Secretariat headquarters in Lyon, Interpol maintains seven regional bureaus and three special representative offices. Interpol’s Command and Coordination Centres offer a 24-hour point of contact for national police forces seeking urgent information or facing a crisis. The original is in Lyon with a second in Buenos Aires added in September 2011. A third was opened in Singapore in September 2014. Interpol opened a Special Representative Office to the UN in NY City in 2004, in Brussels 2009.
Interpol Communication system:
It connects all its countries via a communications system called I-24/7. Countries use this secure network to contact each other, and the General Secretariat. It also allows them to access INTERPOL’s databases and services in real-time, from both central and remote locations. The General Secretariat provides a range of expertise and services to member countries. INTERPOL manages 19 police databases with information on crimes and criminals, accessible in real-time to countries. Training is an important part of what this organization do in many areas so that officials know how to work efficiently with their services.
This expertise supports national efforts in combating crimes across three global areas INTERPOL considers the most pressing today; terrorism, cybercrime and organized crime. Officials working in each specialized crime area run a variety of different activities alongside member countries. This can be investigative support, field operations, training and networking.
INTERPOL also has its own constitution. Since INTERPOL is a global organization, it can provide this platform for cooperation; it enables police to work directly with their counterparts, even between countries which do not have diplomatic relations.
Read more about Interpol: https://www.interpol.int/en
INTERPOL also provides a voice for police on the world stage, engaging with governments at the highest level to encourage this cooperation and use of our services. All its actions are politically neutral and taken within the limits of existing laws in different countries.
Reported by Ms. Emma Novruzova from the Republic of Azerbaijan. She studied International Relations from the Azerbaijan State University of Languages. She is interested in Foreign Affairs, diplomacy, International Law, and International organizations. Moreover, she is a volunteer and member of the Youth Diplomacy Forum.